Projected for 2025 or 2026, China will be testing its very first repelling of an asteroid with a kinetic impactor test. This type of impact sends multiple spacecraft into the path or directly into a Near-Earth Asteroid (NEA) to shift its trajectory.
Wu Yanhua, deputy director of the China National Space Administration (CNSA) spoke to China Central Television on how a planetary defense system strategy is being drafted since 2021. The CNSA is also creating a warning system w/ projected cause and effect situations.
By 2025/2026 a space mission will be conducted to physically test the system and its power to change an asteroid’s orbit.
NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) are also conducting their tests. NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) will be conducting physical tests on Dimorphos, a small planet moon orbiting the asteroid Didymos in September 2022. The ESA will be examing the effects of the test with its Hera mission.
Wu spoke at an event in Wenchang, Hainan province; symbolized by China’s seventh national space day. Dongfanghong-1 was China’s very first satellite in orbit, launched in 1970.
In October 2021, China held its first Planetary Defense Conference in October 2021. Impact simulations using AI, space-based monitoring, asteroid impacts, radar astronomy, early warning systems and protocols, small-body exploration, lasers, and other deflection options.